The institute attracts researchers from all over the world. At the moment it hosts scientists from 34 different countries. Besides the five directors who are heads of their departments, around 195 scientists including 108 PhD and roughly 25 graduate students do their research work here. Altogether, almost 400 persons are affiliated with the institute (updated: March 2013).
An important task of the institute is training young researchers in modern techniques of chemical ecology. In 2005 a special graduate program, the International Max Planck Research School, was established that offers the possibility for highly qualified young researchers to conduct their research in an international atmosphere.