Refugee migration, limited rationality, migration policy, asylum, Choice experiment
Faced with the increased and ongoing migratory pressure of political refugees, climate refugees and other migrants, the UN has developed a migration compact, complemented by the UNHCR global compact on refugees. Adopted in December 2018, they are both symptom and generator of a world-wide discussion on how to deal with migration.
While in the focus of public discussion, public policies are currently insufficiently founded on the insights on social sciences. Economics analysis has contributed very little to the debate. There is an increasing demand to found migration policy on social sciences, and economics has its role to play.
The objective of this PhD contract in Economics, supported by BETA and funded by the University of Lorraine LUE D3S Program, will be to develop economic analysis of refugee migration, with a focus on the impact of migration policies on migration choices.
How do refugees make migration decisions, faced with risk and information deficits?
How does migration policy influence migration decisions?
How can policy-makers predict the impacts on migration?
How should policy-makers coordinate in refugee migration matters?
What are the differences between political and climate refugees?
This work would fill a gap in the literature on the economic analysis of refugee migration and policy making conerning hospitality, protection and support.
Methodology and Data
The candidate will apply Cumulative Prospect Theory (Tversky and Kahnemann 1992) to develop a microeconomic migration model. Econometric and experimental methods will be applied to the theory, including risk preference determination experiments (Tanaka et al. 2010), questionnaires (Bocquého et al. 2018) and Choice Experiments (CE, see e.g., Louviere et al. 2010). The candidate be able to handle microeconomic and game theory.
While we find some references concerning the citizens' revealed preferences about migrants (McMichael 2017), to our knowledge, there is no economic study using CE to understand the preferences and choices of migrants or refugees. The advantage of CE over other types of survey is that they give information on what people would do or what they would have done (stated preferences) instead of what they did (revealed preferences). This makes it possible to separately value different attributes of migrants’ options, under different risk and information scenarios.
The thus generated data will complete an existing database of individual level data to feed econometric analysis. Further databases include the UNHCR population statistics database (http://popstats.unhcr.org
/en/overview) , Eurostat statistics on asylum (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/
index.php/Asylum_statistics) and the data from the German refugee survey https://www.diw.de/en/
Capable of teamwork
Good level of econometrics
Curiosity and open-mindedness
Presentation and writing skills in both English and French
To apply, you will need to deposit the following documents in a single file via ADUM (visit http://doctorat.univ-lorraine.fr/en/cles-ecoles-doctorales/sjpeg/offres-de-these):
- a curriculum vitae (including an URL allowing download of pdf of M.Sc. thesis -- if relevant),
- a letter explaining why you are interested in this position, how your research interests are related to the topics mentioned in the project description above and the relevant academic skills that you learned (max: 2 pages),
- the name and contact details (including email address) of one or two academic referees who can provide details about your profile,
- Application form dated and signed (ADUM document, administrative document)
- A copy of Master.sc diploma and student records
To find out the timetable and details of the competition, see the heading 'Contrats doctoraux LUE' on the page 'http://doctorat.univ-lorraine.fr/fr/les-ecoles-doctorales/sjpeg/financements'.
|Title||PhD Position - Economic Analysis of Asylum Migration and Policies|
|Employer||Lorraine Université d'Excellence (LUE)|
|Job location||34 Cours Léopold, 54000 Nancy|
|Published||February 1, 2019|
|Job types||PhD  |
|Fields||Econometrics,   Microeconomics,   Game Theory,   Political Economy,   Public Policy  |